To mention the term “self-publishing” only a few years ago was to evoke an image quite likely involving predatory vanity presses, desperate writers paying to play, handfuls of shoddily produced books foisted on obliging friends and family, and stacks of remainders left to molder in attics and garages. Thanks to the accessibility of new digital tools, that picture is expanding. The e-publishing world holds new promise for writers venturing out on their own, bolstered by digitally charged success stories such as that of twenty-seven-year-old Amanda Hocking, who in less than two years earned $2.5 million from a series of novels she self-published through Amazon, ultimately scoring a multimillion-dollar contract with St. Martin’s Press.
Or take the case of thriller writer and self-publishing evangelist Joe (J. A.) Konrath, who in just the first few weeks of the New Year made an unprecedented one hundred thousand dollars from sales of works released via Kindle Direct Publishing, Amazon’s DIY platform. “We can directly and instantly reach hundreds of millions of consumers in a global marketplace,” Konrath wrote on his blog, A Newbie’s Guide to Publishing. “We can set the list price, and we get to keep the majority of that list price. This has now become the best way in the history of mankind for a writer to earn money.”
Less hyperbolically, U.K. journalist Mark King, who released his novel, The Life and Death of Henry Black, through Kindle Direct Publishing last summer, emphasizes the creative over the remunerative satisfactions of self-publishing. “I’ve made little more than a few hundred pounds,” he wrote in an article about the project in the Guardian, “but I want as many people as possible to read [the book]. Most importantly, I believe in the book, and e-publishing has allowed me to see if others believe in it too.”
A growing number of authors are finding that readers are believing. Of the one hundred fifty titles on the 2011 USA Today best-seller list, a remarkable fifteen were self-published. And in November, Hocking—whose work is chiefly of the vampire-fantasy variety—joined David Baldacci, Suzanne Collins, Stieg Larsson, Stephenie Meyer, Kathryn Stockett, and a handful of other writers in the so-called Kindle Million Club, a roundup of top-selling e-book authors. But before dismissing DIY e-publishing as the preserve of genre novels, business manuals, and self-help books, it’s worth remembering that George Bernard Shaw, Gertrude Stein, Mark Twain, Virginia Woolf, Walt Whitman, and an impressive host of other literary lions experimented with self-publishing projects during their own careers.
For writers looking to enact their own experiments in the digital realm, there’s no shortage of options. The industry offers two basic pathways to digital self-publication: Writers can go through a major e-book retailer, which may back a proprietary device and format, or use an aggregator, which often offers editing, design, and marketing services, and then also distributes titles to big vendors. Among the former, the dominant player by far is Amazon, whose Kindle Direct Publishing platform offers a royalty rate of 70 percent for titles priced from $2.99 to $9.99 (so long as that figure remains 20 percent below the lowest list price for any print editions on the market) and 35 percent at other price points. But the retailer has rankled some authors and indie press supporters by requiring that Kindle Direct titles included in the Kindle Lending Library be bound by a ninety-day exclusivity agreement, effectively barring participants from taking advantage of other sales platforms.
Barnes & Noble, Amazon’s chief competitor in the e-reader market, doesn’t make exclusivity demands for its PubIt! program, which supports the popular ePub open format and offers royalty rates of 65 percent for books priced $2.99 to $9.99 and 40 percent for others. Google offers free inclusion of self-published PDF books in its massive eBookstore through the Google Books Partner Program. But attention this season is directed chiefly at Apple, which, with the launch of a new self-publishing platform this past January, could be positioning itself to upend the book business with the same ferocity it showed toward the music industry. Using the iBook Author app, writers can import word processing and other media files directly into a range of user-friendly templates, creating enhanced e-books that take full advantage of the iPad’s capabilities. Yet as with the company’s notoriously well-policed App Store, Apple also enforces the most stringent requirements for inclusion: Uploads must come preregistered with an ISBN and—controversially—are bound by an end-user licensing agreement stipulating that titles created using iBook Author may only be sold through iBookstore.
Clearing these various hurdles is where an aggregating service canbecome invaluable. Long-time e-publishing- player Smashwords (whose CEO, Mark Coker, has been among the most vocal critics of Amazon’s exclusivity policies) allows authors to add their works to iBookstore as well as platforms that don’t currently permit direct submissions, such as the Sony Reader Store, Kobo, and the Diesel e-Book Store. The company offers a 60 percent royalty rate based on retail price and gives writers control over pricing, preview permissions, and distribution. Meanwhile, relative newcomer BookBaby distributes titles to the majors and gives authors a 100 percent return on retail sales, but requires annual fees from participants. Similar enterprises—such as BookBrewer, eBookIt, and FastPencil—either offer paid prepublication services or charge up-front fees before sending e-books to market.
Clearly, the variations in royalty schemes, exclusivity stipulations, and retailer support can make it difficult for writers to navigate the self-publishing landscape. Online outlet Lulu, for example, distributes its members’ e-books to both Barnes & Noble and Apple, but the additional 30 percent cut the latter demands for sales through its iBookstore reduces an author’s take to 50 percent. On the other hand, Lulu also offers print-on-demand services, which may provide some compensatory appeal for those looking to leverage multiple formats. Interested writers will need to parse the economics carefully, weighing the trade-offs between exposure and returns.
Self-publishing success stories currently making headlines are, as is typical in the writing world, the exceptions. Most self-published authors count themselves lucky just to achieve a paltry side income. But the real benefits of emerging digital platforms may go beyond monetary incentives; for the optimistically minded at least, they promise a revolution in reach and control. As pressure grows for writers to master new skills—design, distribution, marketing and promotion, and the social media–driven courtship of readers—the practice of writing itself is evolving into more than mere composition, and new tools are allowing an unprecedented degree of involvement in the full scope of one’s own creative work.
Adrian Versteegh is a journalist and a PhD candidate at New York University, where he runs Listen to Academia, a project that explores the relation between writing and sound. He lives in Paris and New York City.
jamiejov replied on Permalink
iBooks Author Review and EULA
Apple updated the iBooks Author EULA to clarify ownership several days ago. Their publishing FAQ sums things up pretty well.
I had the opportunity to play around with iBooks Author the other day and wrote a review of its capabilities. Quite a robust app! http://blog.inspiringapps.com/the-definitive-ibooks-author-review/
chasa08 replied on Permalink
very useful information thank
very useful information
BettyEverdene replied on Permalink
One of the best articles on self-publishing I have read is Patricia Goodwin's blog post "Publishing Van Gogh." (http://patriciagoodwin.blogspot.com/2011/11/publishing-van-gogh.html) Goodwin also has two links on her site (http://www.patriciagoodwin.com) to articles written by the media about her self-publishing journey. And, yes, many writers we have long admired have self-published. Virginia Woolf was Hogarth House (literally). Walt Whitman shamelessly self-promoted with flyers saying Leaves of Grass was the most amazing poetry book ever - I'm paraphrasing. And, D.H. Lawrence went to Italy where the printer didn't understand the words he was putting together, letter by letter, on the page.
donnalee replied on Permalink
In my limited experience....
Having helped a relative self-publish... When planning your publication expenses, it's also vital to budget in costs for EDITING. Diligent research and cold objectivity will guide you in purchasing publishing and publicity services that are worth your dollar... and really, if you are not an experienced publisher, you may expect to make a few mistakes, anyway. But you may not be well-served by the editing services that self-publishing packages offer. You'll do better to hire an independent editor with whom you have a good rapport, whether through mutual contacts or other research.
(I'm not an editor. I'm only here to help spread the Good News: editors love writers, and by that love we are redeemed!)
purpleplumpress replied on Permalink
Three cheers for the publishing revolution
I find this publishing revolution that Adrian writes about to be incredibly exciting. Having watched very good writers suffer from years of rejections from traditional publishing, I believe the new technology and options will benefit both writers and readers. It does present challenges because "everyone" thinks they are a writer and so the slush pile of badly written books grows ever larger. However, I do believe ultimately excellent writers can rise to the top and get much more exposure than they would have in years past. It's important to do one's research and not get ripped off by some of the big companies out there that seem to prey on new writers and overcharge them massively.
Jackal_101 replied on Permalink
Great information on publishing, all authors will benefit.
writehere2011 replied on Permalink
But Does it Work For "Literary" Fiction
A Side Note:
Authors can publish on other platforms if they keep their books out of the KDP Select Program. I'm not fond of excluding other platforms. You never know where your will find your audience.
But on to self publishing in general, it seems to work best if you have a "full length" novel that falls into a particular genre. Right now I have short stories out in the digital world on Amazon, Barnes&Noble, and Smashwords. Some seem to fit (or I've forced them to fit) some popular genres such as erotica, urban, etc. However my training and leaning is a bit on the literary side. And I've had some difficulty finding a huge audience, even for a prize winning story. So I'm not sure that stories that work well in Lit Magazines will have the same success in the digital self published world. Popular Genres seem to be Romance, Urban Lit, Murder Mystery, Vampire, Paranormal, Crime and Murder
And yes there is a lot of horrible to read and poorly formatted work out there. Some of it might make you want to cry or tear your hair out. Just read the "Look Inside" feature of many of the offerings. And there is some good stuff too. So one has to really fight to be seen and read in this new environment.
Of course this is not gospel. It's just been my experience.